Man Manual Sources: Eat. Drink. Don't Diet

Sources used in the Eat. Drink. Don't Diet publication

The MHF is committed to fully participating in NHS England’s Information Standard Scheme for health and social care information. We intend to comply with all aspects and requirements of the Scheme Standard.

A list of sources for the Eat. Drink. Don't Diet mini-manual, published February 2015, follows:

When to eat (p6)

American Heart Association:

Hartmann C, Siegrist M, van der Horst K. Snack frequency: associations with healthy and unhealthy food choices. Public Health Nutr. 2013 Aug;16(8):1487-96. 

Holmbäck I, Ericson U, Gullberg B, Wirfält E. A high eating frequency is associated with an overall healthy lifestyle in middle-aged men and women and reduced likelihood of general and central obesity in men. Br J Nutr. 2010 Oct;104(7):1065-73. 

Bertéus Forslund H, Torgerson JS, Sjöström L, Lindroos AK. Snacking frequency in relation to energy intake and food choices in obese men and women compared to a reference population. Int J Obes (Lond). 2005 Jun;29(6):711-9.

Harvard Health Publications. Mindful eating may help with weight loss. HEALTHbeat Archive July 6, 2011 Available at:

Zhu Y, Hsu WH, Hollis JH. Increasing the number of masticatory cycles is associated with reduced appetite and altered postprandial plasma concentrations of gut hormones, insulin and glucose. Br J Nutr. 2013 Jul 28;110(2):384-90.

Eat better, exercise better (p8)


Edwards M et al. A videofluoroscopic comparison of straw and cup drinking: the potential influence on dental erosion. Br Dent J 1998; 185(5):244-9

The Guardian Science News. Doctors call for warnings on energy drinks to prevent caffeine overdose, available at

Avci S, Sarıkaya R, Büyükcam F. Death of a young man after overuse of energy drink. Am J Emerg Med. 2013 Nov;31(11):1624.e3-4.

EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) (2011). EFSA Journal 2011;9(4):2053 [24 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2011.2053

Hodgson, AB et al.  The Metabolic and Performance Effects of Caffeine Compared to Coffee during Endurance Exercise. PLoS One 2013; 8(4): e59561.

McNaughton, LR et al The effects of caffeine ingestion on time trial cycling performance.  . International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 2008; 3(2): 157-163.

Glaister, M. et al. Caffeine supplementation and multiple sprint running performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2008; 40(10): 1835-1840.

Mohr, M. et al (2011). Caffeine intake improves intense intermittent exercise performance and reduces muscle interstitial potassium accumulation. Journal of Applied Physiology, 111(5): 1372-1379. 

Washington State Liquor Control Board. Mixing alcohol with energy drinks. Available at:

Pennay A, Lubman DI. Alcohol and energy drinks: a pilot study exploring patterns of consumption, social contexts, benefits and harms. BMC Res Notes. 2012 Jul 23;5:369.

Eat Better, Feel Better (p11)

University of Delaware. Foods and Moods. Available at: 

Suominen-Taipale AL, Partonen T, Turunen AW et al. Fish consumption and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in relation to depressive episodes: a cross-sectional analysis. PLoS One. 2010 May 7;5(5):e10530. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010530.

Skarupski KA, Tangney CC, Li H et al. Mediterranean diet and depressive symptoms among older adults over time. J Nutr Health Aging. 2013;17(5):441-5.

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Science; You are what you eat: How food affects your mood. Available at:


Eat Better, Have Better Sex (page 14)

Prasad AS. Clinical, endocrinological and biochemical effects of zinc deficiency. Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1985 Aug;14(3):567-89.

The Telegraph. Raw oysters really are aphrodisiacs say scientists. Available at:

Bushman BJ et al. Low glucose relates to greater aggression in married couples PNAS 2014; 111(17):6254-6257

Ohio State University. Research and Innovation Communications. Lashing out at your spouse? Check your blood sugar. Available at:

PubMed refs for table p15:

Food FAQS (page 17)

Parker MR et al. Expression and nuclear translocation of glucocorticoid receptors in type 2 taste receptor cells. Neuroscience Letters, 2014; 571: 72

NHS Choices. What are trans fats? Available at:

NHS Choices. Red meat and the risk of bowel cancer. Available at:

Mahmoud AM, Yang W, Bosland MC. Soy isoflavones and prostate cancer: a review of molecular mechanisms. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2014 Mar;140:116-32. Healthy Eating. Eat enough milk and dairy foods. Available at:

Baranski M et al. Higher antioxidant and lower cadmium concentrations and lower incidence of pesticide residues in organically grown crops: a systematic literature review and meta-analyses. British Journal of Nutrition. 0.1017/S0007114514001366

WHO guidelines on sugar:,

Substitutes and snack attack (p27)  BDA Are you Weight Wise @ Work booklet, pg 5 and BDA Healthier snacking @ work leaflet

NHS Choices. Calories in alcohol. Available at:

Changing life, changing diet (p30)

The NS, Gordon-Larsen P. Entry into romantic partnership is associated with obesity. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 Jul;17(7):1441-7.

Christian MS, Evans CE, Hancock N et al. Family meals can help children reach their 5 a day: a cross-sectional survey of children's dietary intake from London primary schools. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 Apr;67(4):332-8.

LiveScience. Women pack on pounds after marriage, men after divorce. (presented at the American Sociological Association meeting, 2011) Available at

Wilson SE. Marriage, gender and obesity in later life. Econ Hum Biol. 2012 Dec;10(4):431-53. doi: 10.1016/j.ehb.2012.04.012. Epub 2012 May 24.

http://www.bdaweightwise.comBDA Weight wise tips for shift work leaflet

Ker K et al. Caffeine for the prevention of injuries and errors in shift workers. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2010; Issue 5. Art. No.: CD008508 DOI:

Heckman MA et al. Caffeine (1, 3, 7-trimethylxanthine) in Foods: A Comprehensive Review on Consumption, Functionality, Safety, and Regulatory Matters. J Food Sci 2010. 75(3):R77-R87

TUC Survey November 2013 Men in their early 40s have the longest commutes. Available at:

http://www.bdaweightwise.comBDA Get fit, get active @ work leaflet

Tips and diet (p33)

NHS Why is my waist size important?

Caroline Steele, Dale Carter, Alicia Kaill et al. Are supermarket ‘Low Fat Foods’ in the UK better than their ‘regular fat’ counterparts in terms of sugar and overall calorie content? Rotherham Institute for Obesity. Presented at the European Association for the Study of Obesity conference, 2014. Available at:

Additional Books Used:

Brewer S. Nutrition. A Beginners Guide.  One World. 2013

Brewer S. The Essential Guide to Vitamins, Minerals and Herbal Supplements. 2nd Ed. Right Way 2010   

Brewer S. Eat Well, Stay Well.  Connections. 2013


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